Thursday, April 30, 2009
SELEX Galileo, a Finmeccanica company, has been selected by AgustaWestland to supply the Air Vehicle Monitoring System (AVMS) designed to provide the Turkish T129 with the following functionalities:-- Aircraft system interface Data Acquisition, Status Monitoring and Alert generation-- Managing of maintenance information-- Managing of digitized information to the Core Data Bus Controller-- Visualization of Plant Data Management for crew-- Management of video outputs for Symbol Graphic generation (optional).The design and development of the AVMS is at its final phase and the first prototype is foreseen to be integrated into the T129 rig by mid 2009. The contract includes the delivery of 7 AVMS prototypes followed by the production of 48 shipsets in the period 2011-2016.SELEX Galileo is a key player in the market of Aircraft and Mission Management Computers both for fixed and rotary wing aircraft. SELEX Galileo have also recently collaborated with AgustaWestland to provide an improved AMMC Computers for the Merlin version of the AW101 Helicopter; in the past SELEX Galileo has developed and still produce tailored equipment for the NH90 helicopter (i.e. Plant management Computer and Mission Tactical Computer) while since the 80s SELEX Galileo has designed and produced the Aircraft and Mission Management Computers for the AW101 helicopters including the new refurbished computers for the US101 version.The AVMS is based on a high safety redundant architecture able to provide the whole system functionalities without any discontinuity also in case of a loss of one computer due to possible electrical fault or damage due to other causes (i.e. bullet hits during aircraft operation)The AVMS Software is another peculiar aspect of the System since it provides a virtual interface of the HW to the customer Application Program. The AVMS Software is developed in compliance with the most recent guidelines (Do178B and Do254) in order to assure a design at high safety level.The AVMS ship set is composed by two AMMC computers plus a provision for adding a Removable Data Storing Unit (RDSU) together with a dedicated Equipment SW library. Such SW library provides the main Applicative SW with a set of basic functionalities like health monitoring, deterministic scheduler, redundancy manager in addition to the virtualized layer of all the I/O interfaces.
Turkish defence equipment maker Aselsan (ASELS.IS) said on Wednesday it had agreed to a partnership with a unit of Italy's Finmeccanica (SIFI.MI) for work on defence systems for a new type of submarine.Under the deal Finmeccanica unit WASS and Aselsan will integrate WASS-manufactured Black Shark torpedoes into the submarine's anti-torpedo defence system.The agreement on the project, for which no value was given, could be expanded to include torpedo production at a later date, the company said in a statement. Shares in Aselsan were trading 7.33 percent higher at 4.10 lira, outperforming a positive Istanbul stock exchange.Germany's HDW and Great Britain's MFI won a tender last July to procure six submarines for Turkey's armed forces. The project is expected to be worth approximately $2.5 billion.Aselsan said earlier on Wednesday that it planned to sign a contract with the Chilean armed forces to help modernise a fleet of 100 Leopard tanks.The project with Chile is estimated to be worth $150 million, the company said in a statement to the stock exchange.Aselsan, which is also working with Lockheed Martin in a multi-nation F-35 fighter jet project, said it was also looking at other partnerships with Chile.A Turkish Defence Ministry official said on Tuesday that he expected Aselsan's share from the F-35 project to reach $1 billion.
Chairman POF Board Lt. Gen. Syed Sabahat Husain and Peter Weilenmann President M/s Oerlikon of Switzerland signing a letter of understanding for co-production and co-marketing of Oerlikon 35mm Air Defence Ammo at POF
By Farhan Bokhari
Pakistan's senior civil and military officials are sharing tightly held information about the country's nuclear arms programme with western countries in an effort to allay fears about the security of weapons in the face of a Taliban advance. The decision highlights global concerns about the safety of up to 100 atom bombs in Pakistan's possession, as the country tries to repel Taliban militants who advanced last week to within 100km of Islamabad. Pakistan is secretive about its nuclear programme, developed outside the non-proliferation treaty in an arms race with India. A senior western envoy in Islamabad said diplomats had been given assurances about the security in place for the weapons systems and also their distance from Taliban-held territory. Pakistani officials presented this as action to satisfy the west that its weapons would not fall into Taliban hands. "We have renewed our pledge to keep our nuclear weapons safe," said a Pakistani official. The briefings were meant to be "reassuring" to the international community in regard to safety measures. Last night, the Pakistani army said it had halted the latest Taliban incursion in the Buner district, 100km north-west of Islamabad, after two days of fighting. "We have successfully blocked Taliban advances and confined them just to a pocket," said Rehman Malik, the interior minister. The army has been accused in the west of failing to challenge the militants. Western diplomats said yesterday a Taliban advance on Islamabad threatened to bring them close to nuclear installations. They doubted the militants were capable of overwhelming heavily protected facilities. At the weekend, Hillary Clinton, the US secretary of state, described the toppling of the Pakistani government and capture of nuclear weapons as "unthinkable". Western diplomats say the nuclear programme resides in a "ring-fenced" part of the military under the command of a well-respected general and protected from rogue elements within the army that might seek to capture a weapon. But although security improvements have been made, Pakistan has not complied with the high levels recommended to it. Security worries date back to 2004, when the proliferation network of Abdul Qadeer Khan, founder of the country's nuclear programme, came to light. One danger identified by the international community was that one of his scientists might help extremists to gain a "dirty bomb". Since then, the Pakistani military has tightened monitoring of individual scientists and has introduced new inventory systems in order to track the bomb components.
Textron Inc (TXT.N) has received a $60.3 million U.S. Army contract to supply 24 Bell Armed 407 helicopters to Iraq, with an option for 26 more, the U.S. Defense Department said Wednesday.The helicopters are part of a weapons package unveiled last December to boost the Iraqi Air Force as U.S. armed forces prepare to leave Iraq by the end of 2011. The Army is middleman under the Pentagon's Foreign Military Sales program.The initial 24 helicopters are to be produced over 27 months and the others within another 13 months if the option is exercised, the Pentagon's daily contract digest said.Work is to be performed in Alliance, Texas, (55 percent ) and Mirabel, Quebec, (45 percent) with an estimated completion date of Sept. 30, 2012, the Defense Department said.
Wednesday, April 29, 2009
Turkey and Germany today will sign an agreement over cooperation in defense equipment research, development, production, procurement, support in training and industrial cooperation on the sidelines of the IDEF'09 in İstanbul. The agreement will lay the groundwork for a strategic partnership between the two countries in the defense industry, said a statement released by the German Embassy in Ankara on Thursday. Turkey's intention to forge cooperation with Germany in the production of strategic Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), which can fly at an altitude of over 30,000 feet and have a long range, has prompted Ankara to sign defense industry cooperation with Berlin. The EADS consortium of Germany and France is currently developing a strategic UAV. The agreement will also pave the way for Turkish-German cooperation in the production of standard jammers for the air force that prevent enemy radars from detecting F-16 fighter jets. However, the Undersecratariat for the Defense Industry (SSM), Turkey's main civilian procurement agency, is said to be in favor of cooperation with Germany on the acquisition of standard jammer systems while the Turkish Air Force Command has allegedly been opposing cooperation with Germany. In a separate development, Germany has refused to provide Turkey with the national software source codes of submarines with air-independent propulsion (AIP) systems. The SSM selected Germany's Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (HDW) and Marine Force International (MFI) to provide its Type 214 (AIP submarines) craft in July 2008. Contract negotiations for the 2.5 billion euro program are continuing and the boats are to be built at Turkey's Gölcük naval shipyard, with the first boat to be delivered in 2015.
A joint military product of India and Russia, the supersonic BrahMos cruise missile has impressed countries at the recently concluded Latin American defence expo held in Brazil, with at least three nations showing keen interest in buying the missile system, a senior official said. At the Latin America Aero and Defence expo organised at Rio de Janeiro April 14-17, defence officials from Brazil, Chile and South Africa thronged the stall of BrahMos. "Brazil, Chile and South Africa have shown interest in the shore-based and ship-based versions of the missile," a senior official of BrahMos Aerospace Ltd. India had shown the footage of the successful March 29 trial of the 32-tonne missile with a range of 290 km. The missile had hit the "bull's eye" during the trial. The defence minister of Brazil, South Africa's army chief and senior defence officials of Chile wanted more information about the missile. "The officials were particularly keen to know more about the ship-based version of the missile," the official said. He was also at the defence expo. India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has recently conducted successful vertical launch of the missile in the Bay of Bengal. "The speed of the missile also impressed them," the official said. The missile, which takes its name from the Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers, has a 300-km range and carries a 300-kg conventional warhead. It can achieve speeds of up to 2.8 Mach or nearly three times the speed of sound. Cruise missiles fly at low altitudes and have the ability to evade enemy radars and air-defence systems. They are also easier and cheaper to operate. Each missile system costs nearly Rs.100 million ($2 million) and the BrahMos Aerospace Ltd plans to sell 1,000 of them. The Indian Army has already begun inducting the land-fired version of the BrahMos, with the first battery entering service in June 2007. Each battery is equipped with four mobile launchers mounted on heavy 12x12 Tatra transporters. The army plans to induct three more such batteries. The anti-ship naval version has also been inducted into service with its integration on the destroyer INS Rajput, with two other ships of the same class to be similarly equipped. The missiles will also be mounted on the three 7,000-tonne Kolkata class destroyers currently being constructed at Mumbai's Mazagon docks.
Tuesday, April 28, 2009
Ministry of Defence Industry of Azerbaijan Republic presents his products at IDEF 2009. Products being produced in the Facilities of the Ministry of Defense Industry will be showcased for the first time in the 9-th International Defense Exhibition Fair. This is the first International Exhibition where the Republic of Azerbaijan is going to be represented with its Defense Industry. President Ilham Aliyev acquired the capabilities of the “Matador” vehicle placed in the workshop for armor protected vehicles. The vehicle assembled at the Plant under the agreement with “Paramount Group” Company of South Africa meets all global standards due to its technical specifications. Azerbaijan is the sole producer of the armored vehicles within the Commonwealth area. The “Matador” had a payload capacity of 4500 kg and can carried 14 full equipped soldiers. “Matador” can climb the slope of 60 degrees with its 6.57 meters long and 2.47 meters wide hull.
At the International Defence Industry Fair, the Turkish company BMC presents two new vehicles. The first one is the BMC-350-16 Z (4x4) MRAP, this vehicle is a member of the MRAP family, MRAP vehicles usually have "V" shaped hulls to deflect away any explosive forces originating below the vehicle, thereby protecting the vehicle and its passenger compartment. Typically these explosions are from land mines, but they can also be IEDs. The BMC-350-16 Z is equipped with armored cabin and glasses; shock absorber seats for the driver, the commander and 10 full armed personnel. The BMC 350-16 Z MRAP can carry 10 fully armed soldiers and it can resist 10kg TNT under wheels, 8kg TNT under body (stanag 4569 4a-3b). The second one, is the BMC-250-10 Z (4x4) WCV (Weapon Carrier Vehicle), this vehicle can also be used as MPAV (Multi Purpose Armoured Vehicle). The BMC 250-10 Z (4x4) is also equipped with armored cabin and glasses. The vehicle is equipped with shock absorber seats for driver, commander, and 7 to 9 full armed personnel. For his self-protection, the vehicle is equipped with ballistic armour.
Otokar, the leading land systems company of Turkish Defence Industry, exhibits its own design military vehicles 9th International Defence Industry Exhibition, IDEF 2009. Otokar present at IDEF 2009, three different version of the Cobra, the new mine protected armoured vehicle family the Kaya and Kale, new Land Rover Defender models, and a new version of the Otokar armoured patrol vehicle. Otokar launches the mine resistant armoured vehicle, with two versions of the Kaya, the personnel carrier and the cargo carrier, in addition for the first Otokar present the new mine protected armoured vehicle Kale, a 100% design and production vehicle of Otokar. The range is especially designed in order to provide mine and ballistic protection for the troops on all terrain conditions, while offering high mobility, outstanding crew comfort, and ease of handling. The new version of the Kaya, the cargo carrier is designed as a suitable platform for cargo transport in different terrain conditions. Armoured cabin of the vehicle provides the high protection for the crew against kinetic energy threats and explosives. The cargo carrier variant is rated to carry minimum 4,5 tons of mission payload.
Over past 2 years Temsa R&D and Technology center have developed production methods for advanced composite armoured panels. Ballistic tests haven been performed on panels made of different fiber and matrix systems and ceramic shielding in accredited institutions for certifications. These developments have led to a number of lightweight armour protection solutions. These solutions, together with the vast experience of TEMSA GLOBAL in the automotive business, resulted in the protective modular body of TEMAS R&D's Gekko concept Vehicle. GEKKO Multi-Purpose Composite Vehicle, the first phase of which will be completed in the first quarter of 2010, will have full body lightweight composite armour. The vehicle is expected to have an impact with its agility under asymmetric threats, harsh environmental conditions and with its add-on armours for higher threat levels which are planned to be installed in the second phase of development.
Monday, April 27, 2009
IDEF 2009AgustaWestland Unveils The TUHP 149 Helicopter To Meet The Turkish Utility Helicopter Programme
The system is also believed to be able to destroy stealth aircraft, cruise missiles and ballistic missiles, and is effective at ranges up to 3,500 kilometers (2,200 miles) and speeds up to 4.8 kilometers (3 miles) per second.
The IqAF was established in 1931 and the rebuilding of the force began in 2004. Iraqi Army Gen. Babakir, chief of staff, Iraqi Joint Forces, stated, “We have established the Iraqi Air Force from nothing to where it is today. The Air Force has enhanced the security of the country and we now have the ability to provide vital information to the commanders on the ground to protect all the infrastructure of Iraq.” Iraqi Army Staff Lt. Gen. Anwar Ahmed, IqAF commander, addressed the over 200 in attendance by saying, “The Air Force needs is being developed from aircraft maintenance, to the training of its officers. The Iraqi Air Force, thanks to the help of U.S Army Lt. Gen. Frank Helmick, the United States Air Force and all the teams that have worked besides us, are moving forward to achieve our goals.” Abd Al Qadir, Iraqi minister of defense stated, "We are here to celebrate the 78th anniversary of the Air Force. We started to rebuild the Iraqi Air Force in 2004 with the support of the Ministry of Defense. And the Air Force is now part of the structure that defends the country of Iraq.”
Although he may not have been asked to develop an armed drone, Khan, who previously worked as a consultant for Pakistan’s aerospace agency Suparco, points out: ‘If we consider the fact that drone development has been taking place in Pakistan for the last 20 years, I think the technology for flying long-range autonomous missions has existed for at least 10-12 years.’ Given Khan's estimations about local drone development, it is unclear why Pakistan is asking the US to handover its armed drone technology, especially that of the infamous Predator. President Asif Ali Zardari recently told the British daily Independent that the US should give Pakistan the ‘weapons, drones and missiles that will allow us to take care of’ the militant threat in the tribal areas.' ‘If you ask anyone in Pakistan involved in the business of making unmanned UAVs whether something similar to the Predator drone aircraft can be made, the answer would be yes,' explains Khan. 'I won’t say we can make it overnight or by tomorrow. But I won’t say either that it is a matter of decades. I would say that, if given the task, we can make such aircrafts in a few years.' As a technologist, Khan is hesitant to speculate as to why the Pakistan government or armed forces are not investing in home-made technology. 'I think you need to ask the policy makers that.'
UAVs in Pakistan
Private sector companies are also involved in the design and development of UAVs. Apart from ID in Karachi, East-West Infinity (EWI), Satuma and Global Industrial Defense Solutions (GIDS) are in the drone-making business.
Even though almost all UAVs in the country have been built for military applications - reconnaissance, simulations, decoy systems, remote sensing - none of them are reported to be capable of firing arms. Moreover, none of the above-mentioned facilities are involved in large-scale, mass production of UAVs.
It is still not clear what Pakistan’s policy regarding unmanned drones is. On the one hand, Pakistan has ‘condemn[ed] in the strongest terms’ any US drone attack. On the other hand, reports have emerged that the US has the tacit approval of the current government.
Previously, former president Pervez Musharraf had reportedly authorized Washington to launch Predator drones from secret bases near Islamabad and Jacobabad. Google Earth images of an airbase in Balochistan hosting Predators had also emerged at a time when Pakistan was adamantly claiming that all drones were flying in from Afghanistan. More recently, the Pakistan Army ‘practiced’ shooting down drones, but even then, foreign aircrafts continued to rain in their missiles.
ID's Khan explains that shooting down drones to prevent attacks is a viable option. ‘From a technical standpoint, all it takes is a simple air-to-air or surface-to-air missile to bring the drone down. Almost all of these aircrafts have a very low radar signature. But they’re not undetectable. They can be detected,' he says. 'The question really is whether one wants to bring one down or not.'
Apart from their use in a military context, there is a need to deploy UAVs for the benefit of Pakistani communities. UAVs abroad are being used for a variety of civilian services, including search and rescue operations, environmental analysis, assisting local law enforcers, scientific research and even transport. Situational awareness about a potentially hazardous or calamity-hit areas, for example, in the aftermath of an earthquake, could also be gained through the use of such systems.
Israel has yet to decide whether to purchase the Vulcan Phalanx to counter the Kassam threat and will only make a decision after viewing a live test of the rapid-cannon system scheduled for this summer, senior defense officials said Tuesday. News of the summer test came amid reports Tuesday that Defense Minister Ehud Barak had already ordered the Defense Ministry to purchase the system. Officials told The Jerusalem Post that while Israel was interested in procuring the system and deploying it along the border with the Gaza Strip, there were still several obstacles. Firstly, there is a question of whether the system would be effective against the Kassam rocket and mortar threat Israel faced from the Gaza Strip. Israel had asked the Pentagon a number of times to see the specifications of the system and to watch a live test. The approval was received only several months ago and Defense Ministry Director-General Pinhas Buchris is scheduled to attend a live test of the system sometime between June and August. Following that visit, the Defense Ministry will make its final decision whether to purchase the system. Manufactured by Raytheon, the first Vulcan Phalanx was sent to Iraq in 2006 and is still used by the Americans to protect the Green Zone in Baghdad. The system consists of a 20mm cannon originally designed to defend Navy ships from incoming missiles. The cannon is controlled by a radar that detects and locks in on incoming enemy projectiles.
Each system can cover a 1,200 square meter area and costs $25 million. To protect a city the size of Sderot, the Defense Ministry would need to deploy a number of systems. In addition, the ministry will evaluate the noise levels of the system, which fires 6,000 rounds a minute. Even if the Defense Ministry decides that it wants to buy the system, the Pentagon will still have to approve the sale, and it is not certain that the US Army would be willing to give up one of the systems currently in production to Israel, instead of having it deployed to protect US forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Defense Ministry refused to comment on the report.